m THE SELJUK TURKS 117 at that time fighting to the death among themselves, and in spite of tumults at Baghdad, where the Great Mosque was stormed, no action was taken either by the Seljuks or by the Fatimids, and the Crusaders were allowed to organize their conquests in peace. Thus in a halo of glory ended the first crusade, which constituted a sign that Christendom was rallying and reviving. As Beazley says : a The crusades are the central expression of this revival, which, though defeated in some of its immediate objects, was entirely successful in kindling a spirit of patriotism, of practical religious fervour, and of boundless enterprise, whereby our Western World finally attained to the discovery, conquest, colonisation, or trade-dominion of the best portions of the earth."1 1 Op, cit. vol. ii. p. 2.